Making retirement contributions can be a great way to get a tax deduction while paying your future self!
If your employer offers a retirement plan (for example, a 401(k)), any applicable tax deduction will be subtracted from the taxable income on your W-2, so there is nothing you need to do to get this deduction.
You can also contribute $6,000 to an IRA for 2022 and $6,500 for 2023 (plus an additional $1,000 if you are 50 years old or older at the end of the year). These contributions are reported on Form 5498. There are two general types of retirement contributions that you can make:
- Traditional – These contributions provide a current tax deduction, but if your (or your spouse’s) employer offers a retirement plan, this deduction is subject to income limitations. If this situation applies to you, talk with your tax professional.
- Roth – These contributions do not provide a current tax benefit, but they grow in your retirement account tax-free, and you will not have to pay tax when you take distributions from your retirement account. There are income limits to making a Roth IRA contribution, but there is also a legitimate back-door method that you can use to make Roth IRA contributions if you are over that income limit. If you file Single or Head of Household and your income is greater than $125k, or you file Married filing Jointly and make more than $200k, talk to your tax professional.